Output 1 Review of BC/ OC emissions and control measures in China and Norway
An overview of climate change and air quality policies implemented in China and Norway and how these policies have affected black and organic carbon emissions (BC/OC). The report identifies gaps and needs, in addition to forming part of the basis for recommendations to improve policies in China with focus on maximizing the co-benefits for climate and air pollution.
Output 2 Review of BC/ OC emissions inventories
An overview of existing emission inventories for black and organic carbon for China. It also reviews existing activity data and emission factors with a focus on two major BC-emitting sectors, namely Households and Mobile sources. In this way the report serves as a basis for developing the new BC and OC inventories in the ChiNorBC project.
Output 3 Review of impact assessment of BC/OC on air quality and climate change
A literature survey and summary of the impact of BC/OC and other pollutants on climate change and air quality in recent years. Black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) plays an important role in air quality and climate change in China, and high concentrations of carbon aerosols may exacerbate the severity of smog and increase the complexity of air pollution.
Output 4 Review of Human Health Effect Of Black Carbon In Air Pollution
A comprehensive literature survey of short and long term exposure studies regarding health effects from BC exposure. In addition, the report gives an overview of the methodologies to identified studies using animal experiments and human clinical trials. The report gives a valuable conclusion showing that there is indeed evidence in literature linking BC with cardiorespiratory health effects, for both short- and long-term exposures.
Output 5 Review of Policies of China for the Control of Black and Organic Carbon
An overview of the latest Chinese policy implementation progress up to 2020. Designing of BC/OC control scenarios towards 2035 as is one of the objectives in the ChiNorBC project. To review China’s policies on air pollution prevention and control, identify measures that have a positive effect on reduction of BC/OC emissions, and identify the shortcomings of existing measures in BC/OC control, provides a basis for the design of BC/OC control strategies.
Book: The Climate and Air Quality Co-benefits of Controlling Black Carbon and Organic Carbon: A Review of Emissions, Impacts and Policies
This book is a series of review reports produced under the Chinese-Norwegian Project on Emission, Impact, and Control Policy for Black Carbon and its Co-benefits in Northern China (ChiNorBC). The project is jointly implemented by the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES) and the Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA), in partnership with the Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning (CAEP), the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) and Center for International Climate Research (CICERO), with financial support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
ChiNorBC will develop improved emission inventories for BC/OC emissions in China using the most recent, best available national statistics and measurements obtained in the project. Based on this, new estimates of effects of BC/OC on climate, air quality, and health will be provided. The project will further raise scientific, governmental, and public awareness and enhance the understanding of the positive impacts of BC/OC emissions reductions. Ultimately the ChiNorBC will provide Chinese policy makers with policy solutions for reducing BC/OC emissions in China which maximizes the co-benefits.
Brochure: The co-benefits on air quality and climate change of Black Carbon emissions reduction: How much do you know about emissions, impacts and policies?
The brochure aims to tell people about BC emissions and its impact, and to propose green lifestyle aimed to reduce carbon emissions (Chinese and English versions).
Cartoon video: The co-benefits on air quality and climate change of Black Carbon emissions reduction: How much do you know about emissions, impacts and policies?
The cartoon video aims to tell people about BC emissions and its impact, and to propose green lifestyle aimed to reduce carbon emissions.